King Oyster Mushroom Kit Instructions
King Oyster mushroom is a delicious, meaty mushroom that is native to the mediterranean and popular in Asian cooking! They're a good source of protein, riboflavin, potassium, dietary fibre, vitamin B6, folate, iron, magnesium, zinc and manganese. King oyster mushrooms form large beautiful 'trumpets' that will grow inside the fruiting bag which is fitted with a special micro-filter patch, allowing some gas exchange but inhibiting moisture loss and competing organisms.
Each species of mushroom is a different growing experience. Even if you have grown mushrooms before, please read the instructions for your kit carefully before proceeding. If you run into any problems please see our FAQ.
Step 1: Mycelium Check
Inside this box mycelium has has been happily breaking down the organic growing medium and converting it into energy. At first the mycelium is often wispy and hard to see, but as it gets ready to produce mushrooms it becomes more dense and white in colour.
Open the box and remove the bagged block of mycelium and growing medium.
Brown or Brown & White =
needs more time in a warm location
Mostly White =
ready to move on to stage 2
Entirely White =
ready to move on to stage 2
If your block is brown, move your kit to a warm location - over 15°C and NO MORE THAN 25°C. Check it once a week until at least 60% of block is covered with white mycelium.
If your block is covered with over 60% white mycelium you can now move on to step 2. If you do not want to move on to step 2 at this time, you can keep your kit in the fridge or a cool place for up to two weeks.
Step 2: Finding and creating ideal conditions
King oyster mushrooms grow best when they are out of direct sunlight and have plenty of humidity and some fresh air exchange. Finding and/or creating the perfect environment is key to getting the most mushrooms out of your kit.
Find a place in your house that it out of direct sunlight. If you've purchased a thermometer/hygrometer, a temperature reading between 15°C and 20°C is ideal.
Your mycelium block comes in a grow bag with a breathable micropore filter patch to help facilitate gas exchange. You will grow your mushrooms inside of this bag to help keep humidity up and pests and competing organisms out.
Your kit also includes small block of coir that you will use to create a csing layer to keep your mycelium moist.
Step 3: Creating a Casing Layer& Initiating Fruiting
Add your small block of coir to a measuring jug and add 150ml of boiling water. Cover the top of your measuring jug with a clean plate.
Allow coir to hydrate fully and cool to room temperature, then mix it with a clean fork until it is fluffy.
Cut open the grow bag along the top edge and press down firmly on the sides of the block to flatten the top. This will keep your casing layer from falling down the sides of your block.
Add an even layer of coir to the top of you mycelium block.
Create enough room for your mushrooms to grow inside the bag and then roll the top of the bag down and seal with paper clips.
Step 5: Misting & Fresh Air Exchange
Mushrooms prefer to grow in an environment with 80-90% humidity. Because of this, you'll need to gently mist your kit regularly with a clean spray bottle. You want to create a humid environment for the mushrooms and to keep their bodies moist, rather than to 'water' them as you would a plant. Because you are growing your mushrooms inside of the growing bag, you will need to add some fresh air to your kit regularly.
Every 2 days, remove the paperclips and pen the top of the bag for 30 seconds to let in fresh air.
Before your mushrooms begin to grow, a gentle mist with a spray bottle twice a week will help keep humidity up.
Once your mushrooms begin to pin, mist them once a day.
Step 6: Pinning
'Pinning' should begin within 5 weeks of initiating fruiting. If you haven't seen any pinning after 5 weeks please see out FAQ. Once they have begun to pin, your mushrooms will grow rapidly. Keep the mushrooms moist during this period. The mushrooms pictured here are slightly dry.
Step 8: Harvest
Harvest your mushrooms before the edges begin to either flip up or to wrinkle, darken and split. A white dust under your mushrooms means they have started to drop spores. Your mushrooms will be at their most tender if you harvest them before they sporate, but they'll still be perfectly delicious if you don't quite catch them in time.
When your mushrooms have reached the desired size, harvest all of your mushrooms at once rather than one at a time. To harvest, twist and pull each mushrooms off at the base. Do not cut them as leaving the stem attached to the block of growing medium can inhibit the growth of your mycelium.
Cut away any casing layer or growing medium attached to the bottom of each mushroom before cooking or storing in the fridge.
Step 9: Initiating The Next Flush
King oyster mushrooms will generally yield 1-2 flushes. To attempt a second flush of mushrooms try the following:
Fill your growing bag with enough tap water to cover your block and store your block in the fridge for 12-24 hours.
Drain away excess water, replace the paper clips and resume misting and fresh air exchange.
Step 10: What to do with your kit when it stops producing mushrooms
Did you know that fungi play a key role in storing carbon? Trees and plants remove carbon from the atmosphere and fungi break down plant waste to create new carbon-rich soil. Clean air, healthy soil and delicious mushrooms: just one of the many ways fungi are incredible!
Once your box has finished flushing, open the box and remove the mycelium block from its plastic bag. Discard the bag in the general waste. You can now recycle the box and additional packaging and compost the block. Alternately plant it in the garden to see if it will gain a some energy and produce one last seasonal crop for you! Simply dig a hole in a shady spot, bury the block and cover it over with around 5cm of soil. Water it occasionally to keep the soil moist.
We hope you've enjoyed growing your King Oyster mushrooms!
We're passionate about sharing the diversity of the fungi kingdom & making more of its edible & medicinal delights easy to grow. Want to try another strain or learn how to cultivate mushrooms? See our full range of mushroom growing kits and cultivation workshops!